What Does CCPA Stand for and What Does It Mean for Business?
What Does CCPA Stand For? CCPA stands for the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), a digital consumer protection law which covers broadly four key areas: firstly, right to know what businesses use their information for; secondly, the right to delete information held by businesses; thirdly, the right to opt out of the sale of personal information; and fourthly, the right to non-discrimination for exercising their CCPA rights.
The whirlwind passage of the CCPA is part of a larger trend towards the emergence of data protection laws.
Digital privacy rights have come under scrutiny after a series of high-profile breaches and revelations that major organizations have routinely collected and sold private information without consumer knowledge.
As awareness grows of consumer expectation regarding their privacy, CCPA is among the first of many data protection laws which has swept the country.
The California Consumer Privacy Act constitutes the most comprehensive privacy law in the United States.
It was passed in 2018 and is aimed at companies which collect and sell personal consumer information.
Intended to give Californians more control over how their data is stored and used, it introduces ground-breaking data protections by giving residents a more substantial say over the fate of their personal information.
What’s the Difference Between CCPA, CalOPPA, and GDPR?
The rights given under CCPA apply to California “consumers,” meaning residents and employees.
These consumers have the right access and delete any collected data, plus opt out of future collection by any company with which they do business online.
In contrast, CalOPPA is the California Online Privacy Protection Act of 2003.
GDPR is the General Data Protection Regulations established by the European Union in May 2018
It gives European Union citizens significantly more control over their private data on the internet.
Notably, GDPR updates the way websites acquire consumer consent to gather data, outlines clear guidelines for communicating how personal data is used and institutes requirements for proof of user consent.
CCPA, CalOPPA, and GDPR are very different in their application and scope.
However, they do all have one critical feature in common—they affect more than just Californian and European Union residents respectively.
Any business operating online which have or interact with residents of either two regions find themselves subject to these laws.
The Scope of CCPA
The CCPA grants California consumers three critical rights when it comes to the use and sale of their data on the internet. These are:
- The right to access information: Consumers in California are entitled to know which categories of personal information was collected or sold, from where, to whom, and why.
- The right to data deletion: Consumers in California may request that a company deletes the personal data it has collected about them.
- The right to opt out of data collection or sale: Consumers in California may direct a company to not collect or sell their information to third parties. The CCPA includes a definition of “sell” which extends beyond a monetary exchange.
The CCPA gives Californians a limited ability to sue any business subject to CCPA when their personal information becomes compromised, typically through a breach.
However, it gives the state Attorney General much more general ability to sue on behalf of residents.
The CCPA defines personal information as any information that “identifies, relates to, describes, is capable of being associated with, or could reasonably be linked, directly or indirectly, with a particular consumer or household.”
In other words, any statistic, action, or piece of knowledge which can be linked to an identifiable individual. This broad definition encompasses almost every action within the digital space.
Who Does CCPA Apply To?
Like GDPR will affect American companies with European customers, CCPA can affect non-Californian companies with consumers in the state.
CCPA is concerned with any businesses which operates online and collects data from Californians or does business in California—even if that company is not physically located in California. There also exist three additional criteria, and the business must meet at least one. For CCPA to apply, it must:
- Generate $25 million or more in annual revenue.
- Possess the data of 50,000 consumers.
- Earn more than half of its annual revenue by selling consumers’ data.
If one of these three conditions are true, and consumer information includes Californians, then CCPA applies to that business.
Will It Affect SMBs?
The three additional criteria above, known as AB375, are specifically designed to protect small and medium businesses.
For companies which do not meet one of the three requirements above, CCPA compliance does not apply and their privacy requirements for Californians remain unchanged.
Likewise, CCPA will not affect SMBs if all aspects of their business occurs outside of California, including the sale of personal data. However, if that business meets one of three criteria above and has even a single California customer, then CCPA will apply.
Nonetheless, there exists significant confusion regarding whether CCPA will apply to a specific business.
In a survey of 625 businesses owners and company executives, global IT security leader ESET found that at least a 34% of respondents didn’t know if CCPA affected them, while another 22% claimed to “not care.”
CCPA has the potential to affect SMBs that don’t comply with hefty fines. For companies which may require CCPA compliance, time to start preparing for it is now.
How SMBs Can Be Compliant with CCPA?
SMBs which are on the path towards or already are GDPR-compliant will find CCPA compliance slightly easier, even though the latter has a broader scope.
For companies which do collect and sell personal information, CCPA compliance includes:
- Updating privacy notices and policies. The CCPA requires consumer explicit notification of the company’s intent to collect and sell information “at or before the point of collection.” This notice must include what information is collected and why.
- Updating data inventory with new classifications. Data stored on the backend must include records of the information’s sale, transferal to third parties, time of collection and sale, plus indication if the information is covered by HIPAA or another data privacy law.
- Creating procedures to comply with California consumer rights. Companies need a way for consumers to request access to, deletion of, or opt out of the sale of their personal information.
- Reviewing site and business security. The CCPA requires “reasonable” personal data protection. For SMBs, a managed service provider may lighten this burden.
- Training staff. Train staff on what CCPA is, what its compliance requirements are, how to handle the new procedures, and how to handle potential incidents.
- Starting now. Californian consumers can request data collected up to 12 months prior. Businesses must be able to provide records of collected and sold data as far back as January 1, 2019.
- CCPA is the most far-reaching and comprehensive data privacy law in the US. It confers certain rights to California consumers regarding the collection, use, and sale of their data online.
- Although the law has certain exemptions designed for SMBs, it can still potentially affect these companies.
- CCPA requires significant changes to how notices are given to consumers, as well as how businesses store, classify, and protect personal information.
- The ability of California consumers to request data collected up to 12 months prior means that businesses need to ensure their data storage is comprehensive.
Digital privacy laws are emerging on national and global levels. Impact Networking can help your business prepare. Start a conversation with our nearest office today to learn how CCPA affects you.